Marshal Lannes

Marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809)

 


Argument of the Chapter
“Marshal Jean Lannes”


         Early years. Revolution. Lannes as a volunteer of Gers Battalion. Companies of 1793 - 1794. Service in East Pyrenees army. The battle for the pass Saint-Laurent-en-Cerdans. Battles at Villongue, Montensque and Ripoll. Resignation from the army due to lack of military education. Lannes as a volunteer of Italian army.
        Campaign of 1795. Participation in the battle at Loano. Lannes as battalion commander. Campaign of 1796. The battle at Dego. Napoleon shows his benevolence to Lannes. Promotion. The battle at Lodi bridge. Italian rebels actions suppression. Advance of field marshal Alvintzi’s Austrian army. French counterstrike at Bassano. Lannes saves Bonaparte’s life during the battle at Arcole bridge. The battle at Rivoli.
        The rank of brigade general. The war on Holy See. Talks with the Pope. Suppression of Royalist rebellion in Marseilles. Preparation and plans of Egyptian campaign. The battle at Pyramides. Assault of Jaffa fortress. The siege of Saint-Jean-d’Acre fortress. Heavy wound. The rank of division general. The battle at Aboukir.
        Return to France. Conflict and duel with Junot. Support of Brumair coup. Lannes as the commander of Consular Guard. Political situation by beginning of campaign of 1800. Transition over the Alpine pass Saint Bernard. Lannes in the vanguard of Consular army. Ingenious capture of Bard fortress. Seizure of Pavia. Preparing to resolute fight with Melas. Fantastic success at Montebello. Support of general Victor. The battle at Marengo. Skillful rearguard battle. Timely arrival of Dessaix’s division and Kellermann’s cavalry attack. The saber of Honour as a gift.
        Family problems. The “love triangle”. Lannes as a the victim of baseness of army stuff providers. Conflict with Bonaparte. Ambassadorial mission to Portugal. Marshal’s baton. Crowning of Napoleon. Creation of new anti-French coalition. Political opposition.
        Austrian Campaign of 1805. Marshal Lannes is in time to render assistance to marshal Murat ó Danouworth. Crushing defeat of general Auffenberg’s Austrian column of march. Ingenious seizure of Thabor bridge. Heavy battles at Hollabrunn and Junkersdorf. The plan for Austerlitz battle. Description of the area. Santona Hill. Maneuvers of Suchet and Caffarelli. Political reform of Europe after campaign of 1805.
        Prussian Campaign of 1806. Changeovers in French Corpss supreme command. Operation tasks of marshal Lannes Corps. The battle with Prince Ludwig at Saale river. Preparation to the battle at Jena. Landgrafenberg Hill fortifications. Attack at the Austrian center. Seizure of Spandau fortress. Incursion into Western Poland. Characteristics of the Russian armies under command of Kamensky and Bouxgewden. Changeover of Russian command. Advance of marshal Lannes Corps at Pultusk. The battle of December 26. Wound. Participation in siege of Danzig fortress. Maneuvers in Eastern Prussia of May-June 1807. The battle at Heilsberg. Badly prepared attack. Battle for the bridgehead at Alle against superior Russian troops. Skillful command of the Corps. Friedland. Crushing defeat of enemy’s right-flank group. The rank of colonel-general of the Swiss army.
        Transition to Pyrenees in September 1808. Marshal Lannes had a narrow escape from his death while crossing the mountains. Wonderful salvation. Operation plans of Napoleon in Spain. Crushing success at Tudela during the actions against Castanos. Blocking and second siege of Zaragossa fortress. Description of the fortress. The forces of opposite sides during the siege. Siege actions of marshals Lannes and Moncey. Unsuccessful attempts of assaults. General assault. Capitulation of Zaragossa. Marshal Lannes as the Duke of Montebello.
        Preparation to the Austrian campaign of 1809. Return on the Rhein. Victory at Ratisbonne. Crossing Danube. Crushing defeat of the French vanguard by the Austrian troops of general Bubna. Concentration of marshals Lannes and Massena Corpss on the southern bank. Attack of Essling village. Stubborn defense. Help of Saint-Hiller. Retreat maneuver. Mortal wound. The last days of his life. Death. Analysis of military leader’s career of marshal Lannes.

Maps of the Chapter “Marshal Jean Lannes”

1. Invasion into Syria (map 1).
2. Invasion into Syria (map 2).
3. Invasion into Syria (map 3).
4. Invasion into Syria (map 4).
5. The siege of Jaffa.
6. Nothern Italy, 1800.
7. Strategical situation at Montebello.
8. Battle at Montebello.
9. Battle at Marengo.
10. Battle at Austerlitz.
11. Campaign of Jena (the battalion squares in action).
12. The vicinities of Saalfeld.
13. The vicinities of Jena.
14. Battle at Pultusk.
15. Situation at Friedland (June 13, 1807).
16. Battle at Tudela.
17. Battle at Ratisbonne (April 17 – 19).
18. Battle at Ratisbonne (April 19 – 22).
19. Battle at bensberg (April 20, 1809).
20. The bridges on Danube.
21. Battle at Aspern-Assling (first day).
22. Battle at Aspern-Assling (second day).

Illustrations of the Chapter “Marshal Jean Lannes”

1. Lannes – the soldier of Republic.
2. Portrait of general Bonaparte.
3. Fight at Arcole bridge.
4. Napoleon in Cairo.
5. Lannes as the general of Republic.
6. Songis in the uniform of sappers’ general.
7. The French crossing the Alpes.
8. Portait of French military theorist Guibert.
9. Interior of the Lannes’s house in Chateau de Maison.
10. Portrait of marshal Lannes.
11. Lannes and Voltaire (ąnti-religious caricature).
12. The Austrian infantryman’s uniform of general Auffenberg’s force.
13. The Austrian infantryman’s uniform of general Auersperg’s force.
14. Portrait of general Mack.
15. Portrait of Prussian King Frederic Guillaume III.
16. Portrait of prince Louis Prussian.
17. Portrait of Field-Marshal Hohenlohe.
18. Portrait of general Ruchel.
19. Portrait of general Becker.
20. Portrait of general Savary.
21. Fine swordsman Lannes.
22. The Arms of Duke Montebello.
23. Lannes – the Duke of Montebello.
24. Portrait of general Castanos.
25. Portrait of general Lagrange.
26. Portrait of general Colbert.
27. Portrait of general Lefebvre-Desnouetes.
28. Portrait of general Jose Palafox.
29. Lannes during the siege of Zaragossa.
30. The defense of Zaragossa by Spaniards.
31. Lannes during the battle at Ratisbonne.
32. The Austrian infantryman’s uniform of general Bubna’s force.
33. The portrait of the main army surgeon Larrey.
34. Portrait of adjutant Marbot.
35. The house in Ebersdorf where marshal Lannes has died.
36. Napoleon and fatally wounded Lannes.
37. Marshal Lannes’s grave in Hotel at Invalides.


The structure of military-historical monograph
«Military campaigns of Napoleon’s marshals»



Preface.
Introduction.
Chapter 1 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 – marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 – 1815).
Chapter 3 – marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 – marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 – marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 – 1841).
Chapter 6 – marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 – ģąšųąė Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 – marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 – marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 – marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 – marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 – marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 – marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 – marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 – marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 – marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 – marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 – marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 – marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 – marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 – marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 – marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 – marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 – marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 – marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).
Conclusions.
Literature.


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