marshal Berthier

Marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753-1815)


Argument of the Chapter
Marshal Louis Alexander Berthier

        Marshal Berthier the first outstanding Chief of Headquarters. Early years. Studying basics of engineering. Participation in the War for independence of America. Army reform. Berthier as a Army Staff officer in Saint-Omer camp.
        Revolutionary events. Berthier as a Quartermaster of National Guard. Adjutant-general. Protection over the fallen Royal family. Berthier as the head of Northern army staff. Firing out for political reasons. Suppression of royalist rebellion in Vendee. Berthier as the head of Staff of Italian and Alpine armies. Rank of division general.
        Berthier as the head of Staff Italian army Bonaparte. The battle for bridge Lodi. General analysis of campaign of 1796. Campaign of 1797. Berthier as the Commander of Italian army in 1798. Occupation of Rome. Expedition of Egypt. Crazy passion for madam Visconti. Conflict with Napoleon. Egyptian campaign results analysis. Berthier as the Minister of war.
        Italian Campaign of 1800. Berthier as the commander of Reserve army. Lack of practical experience of army command. Return to Head staff. Analysis of results of year 1800 campaign. Strategic and tactical novelties. Friendship with Bonaparte, sealed with blood. Marshals baton. Many given ranks.
        Austrian Campaign of 1805. Work of Head staff on the plan of campaign. Maneuver at Ulm. Austerlitz. Analysis of campaign results. Peculiarities of marshal Berthiers staff service. Structure of Grand Army Head Staff. Prussian Campaign of 1806. Preparation of plans for the campaign. General analysis of the campaign results. Battalion square of Grand Army. Peculiarities of tactical command. Polish Campaign of 1807. Unforgivable mistakes of Berthier. Marshal Berthier saves the life of Napoleon at Preysisch-Eylau. Analysis of the campaign results. Marriage under pressure of Napoleon. Funny incident during a hunt. Marshal Massenas wound in his eye. Faulty provision of delivering orders during Spanish campaign.
        Commander of Grand Army before Austrian campaign of 1809. General strategic situation. Concentration of army in nearest proximity to the enemy. Dangerous maneuvers of Corpss under command of marshals Davout, Massena and Lefebvre. Mistakes during organization of crossing the river Danube at Vienna. The titles of Prince of Neuchatel and Wagram. General analysis of marshal Berthiers actions during the campaign of 1809.
        Development of plans for the Russian campaign. Work of general staff during the operations. Conflict with Napoleon before the battle at Borodino. Retreat maneuver of Grand Army. Marshal Berthier as opponent of plundering Moscow. Wrecking vengeance upon marshal Davout during the battle at Krasnoye. Marshal Berthier supports Murat on the post of new Commander-in-Chief. Analysis of the Russian campaign results. Campaign of 1813. Short rest in Saxony. Conflict with general Jomini. Analysis of the campaign results. Campaign of 1814.
        Depression. Suicide on June 1, 1815. Analysis of military leaders career of marshal Berthier.

Maps of the Chapter Marshal Louis Alexander Berthier

1. Situation at Nothern Italy (April, 1796).
2. Strategical situation before battle at Marengo (June, 1800).
3. Europe, 1805.
4. Europe, 1806.
5. Central Europe (October, 1806).
6. Situation at beginning of Austrian Campaign (April, 18, 1809).
7. Europe, 1812.
8. Battle at Gorodechna.
9. Europe, 1813.
10. Campaign at Prussia, 1813.
11. Situation at Central Europe (September 6, 1813).
12. Situation at Central Europe (September 19, 1813).
13. Situation at Central Europe (September 27, 1813).
14. Situation at Central Europe (October 9, 1813).
15. Europe (October 1813).
16. Europe (October 1813).
17. Europe (January 1814).

Illustrations of the Chapter Marshal Louis Alexander Berthier

1. Military engineer-topographer.
2. Portrait of general Rochambeau.
3. Portrait of General Bonaparte (painted by Bacler dAlbe).
4. Berthier Chief of the Italian Armys Staff.
5. The French Republican Armys uniforms:
     Brigadier general;
     Divisional general.
6. Napoleon - First Consul.
7. Delivery of Viennas keys to Napoleon, 1805.
8. The French Republican Armys uniforms:
     Aide de camp.
9. Portrait of marshal Berthier.
10. Napoleon at the bivouac.
11. Shaving of the Emperor.
12. Portrait of Archduke Charles.
13. The Arms of Prince Wagram.
14. Berthier (Lamberts engraving, 1820).
15. Divisional general and aide-de-camp, 1812 (painted by Bellange).
16. The French batallion commander 1808-1812.
17. Field-Marshal Kutusow (painted by Volkow, 1813).
18. Napoleon and Berthier in Leiptzig.
19. Marshal Berthier, 1814.
20. Portrait of general Gneisenau.
21. Portrait of general Scharnchorst.
22. Napoleon develops the new plan.
23. Portrait of Bacler dAlbe.
24. The French officer for Emperors orders (painted by Bellange).

The structure of military-historical monograph
Military campaigns of Napoleons marshals

Chapter 1 marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 1815).
Chapter 3 marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 1841).
Chapter 6 marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).

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