Marshal Mortier

Marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835)


Argument of the Chapter
Marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier

         Early years. Revolution. Service in National Guard cavalry. The rank of captain. Service in the Northern Army. Participation in the battles at Jemappes, Hondchoote and Flerus. Mortier as a batallion commander in the division of general Balland.
        Campaign of 1796. The siege of Maastricht. Mortier as a brigade commander in Sambre-Meuse Army. Participation in the battles at Giessen, Friedberg, in the storm of Mayence. The battle at Altenkirchen. Refusal of the brigade general grade. Mortier as the chief of the general Lefebvres Mayence Army staff. A grade of the brigade general.
        Spring campaign of 1799. Concentration of French and Austrian forces. Offensive of the Jourdans Army. Mortier as a brigade commander in the division of general Legrand. The rank of division general. The second Swiss campaign of 1799. Concentration and operational plans of the sides. The offensive plan of Archduke Charles. A ferry through Limmat river. The battle for the Zurich bridge. The commander talent of generals Mortier, Oudinot, Lorge and Soult. Confusion accident in the Russian Corps commander Korsakows staff. Artillery bombardment of the fortress Zurich. Defeat of the Korsakows Corps at Zurich. Suvorow against Massena. Results of the 1799 campaign in Switzerland.
        Mortier as a division commander of the Rhenish Army. Commander of the Parisian military district. Plans of the Hanover occupation. Diplomatic fuss around Hanover. Intrusion of the French armies into electorate. Hanoverian Corps of field marshal Walmoden. Retreat of Hanoverians. Victory at Borstel in the cavalry skirmish. The battle for the bridge through river Weser in Nienburg. Napoleon refuse ratify the Sulingen agreements. Capitulation of Hanoverian army.
        Mortier as a colonel-general of Consular Guard. rshal of the Empire. The Austrian campaign of 1805. The
        Marshal Mortier as the Young Guard infantry commander. Formation of a new army Corps. Rout at Durrenstain on November 11, 1805. Short-sightedness of marshal urat. Marshal rtier is isolated on northern bank of Danube. General Gazan. An break-through from the tight ring. The help of general Dupont. Prussian campaign of 1806. Progress to Giessen. Occupation of Princedom Fulde. ccupation of Kassel.
        Campaign of 1807. Marshal Mortier as the military governor of Pomerania. Victory over the Swedes at Anklam. Participation on the final stage of Danzig. Actions against Russian army of Bennigsen on the river lle. Friedland. The governor of Silesia. A title of duc Treviso. The Spanish campaign. A capture of Badahos. Victory at Arzobispo joint with marshal Soult. Defeat of the general Ariezagas Spanish Army at Ocana. Intrusion in ndaluzia. Occupation of Seville. Victories at Fuentes Cantos and Gebora.
        Russian campaign of 1812. Marshal Mortier as the commander of the Young Guard. A way from Neman to Borodino. Failure in the battle at Krymskoye. The mayor of Moscow. Firefighting in Moscow. Demoralization of the Grand Army. Vain attempts to restore the armys discipline. Variants of the further actions. Napoleons order to destroy Kremlin. A case with general Wiencegerode. Retreat of the Grand Army. The battle at Krasnoye. Crossing the Beresina river.
        Campaign of 1813. General plan of Napoleon. Operational plan of the allies. The battle at Lutzen on May 2. The battle at Bautzen. The Saxon campaign. The battle at Dresden. Mistake of general Vandamme. Fault of marshal Mortier and Saint-Cyr. Defeat at Kulm. New tactics of the allied commanders. The plan of destruction of the allys forces on parts failed. The Battle of the Nations.
        Campaign of 1814. Holding down actions against Schwarznberg. Offensive to Arcis-sur-Aube. The plans of Napoleon become known for Bluecher. The battle at Brienne. The captain Huaillate. The battle at ntmirail. Defeat of the Prussian troops. Pursue of the broken opponent. Offensive of Schwartzenbergs troops. Diplomatic activity of the allies. The battle at Craonne. Rearguard action at Fer Champenoise. The defense of Paris. Transition to the side of Bourbons. Career during the Second Restoration. Marshal Mortier as the ambassador of Russia at Louis-Phillippe. Death in result of an murderous assault. Analysis of military leaders career of marshal Mortier.

Maps of the Chapter Marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier

1. Crossing Limmat river at Dietikon.
2. Map of Hanover.
3. French offensive during the campaign of 1805.
4. Battle at Durrenstein.
5. Campaign in the Nothern Europe, 1807.
6. Battle at Friedland.
7. Battle at Gebora.
8. French retreat to Borisow.
9. Battle at Montmirial.

Illustrations of the Chapter Marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier

1. Mortier as a the soldier of Republic.
2. Battle at Zurich.
3. Caricature on the French politics in Switzerland.
4. The Hanoverian Armys uniforms:
     Chasseur of light infantry;
     Chasseur-officer of light cavalry;
     Grenadier of light infantry;
     Tambour of light cavalry.
5. Portrait of marshal Mortier.
6. Mortier during the battle at Durrenstein.
7. The Dukes of Treviso Arms.
8. Portrait of general Copons.
9. Portrait of Field-Marshal Beresford.
10. Through fire (painted be Vereschagin).
11. Conflagration of Moscow (painted be Vereschagin).
12. Portrait of general Laborde.
13. Portrait of Field-Marshal Schwarzenberg.
14. General Vandamme at Kulm.
15. Portrait of general Defrance.
16. Portrait of general Michel.
17. Portrait of general Ricard.
18. Portrait of general Wasilchikow.
19. Portrait of general Ziethen.
20. Portrait of general Duka.
20. Austrian Emperor Franz I.
21. Portrait of general Langeron.
22. Portrait of general Poret de Morvan.
23. Portrait of general Saint-Priest.
24. Murder of marshal Mortier.
25. Infernal machine of Fieschi.
26. Marshal Mortiers grave.

The structure of military-historical monograph
Military campaigns of Napoleons marshals

Chapter 1 marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 1815).
Chapter 3 marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 1841).
Chapter 6 marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).

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