Marshal Marmont

Marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852)

 


Argument of the Chapter
“Marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont”


         Early years. Military school in Brienne. Friendship with Napoleon. The first officer’s grade. Service in the Alpine army. Participation in the siege of Toulon. Suppression of revolt Parisian sections in September, 1794.
        Marmont as the artillery chief of the Italian army of Bonaparte. Battles at Loano and Castiglione. The battle at Solferino. Suppression of the revolt in Pavia. The siege of Ģąntua fortress. Unprecedented attack at fort Saint-Gorge. Honourable mission to Paris. Campaign of 1797. Marmont and Victor plunder church treasures of Loretto. The marriage.
        The Egyptian campaign. A beginning of expedition. Storm of an island Malta. Grade of the brigadier general. Landing in Egypt. The battle at Pyramids. Marmont as a military commandant of Alexandria. The battle at Aboukir. Conflict with the military engineer Caffarelli du Falga. Return to France. Italian campaign of 1800. Tactical misses. Campaign of 1800. Marmont as the artillery chief of Reserve army. The original decision of a transportation problem of artillery instruments. Cunning at a fortress Bard. The battle at Marengo. The help during decisive attack of a division of general Dessaix.
        A grade of the general of division. Marmont as the commander artillery of the Italian army. Marmont as the general - inspector of artillery. Marmont’s reforms in artillery. Marmont as the commander of all artillery divisions of the «Ocean’s Army». Army camp commandant in Utrecht. Conflict between Marmont and Bessieres. Preparation of the French landing in Ireland. A grade of colonel-general, commander of hussars and horse chasseurs.
        The campaign of 1805. Napoleon’s maneuver at Ulm. Capitulation of general Mack’s Austrian army. A task of protection of the Italian mountain passes. Marmont as the commander of the expeditionary forces in Dalmatia. Marmont as the general - governor of Dalmatia. Occupation of strategically important port Kattaro. Removal of blockade of city Raguse. A brief history of Raguse. Campaign of 1806. Victory above Russian at Castelnuovo. Title of the Duke of Ragusa. Marmont as the commander of Dalmatian Army.
        Attaching the Corps of Marmont to Italian army of Eugene Beauharnais. The attack of Austrian fortified emplacements at Gospitsch. New strategy of Napoleon after Aspern-Essling battle. Countermaneuver of the Austrian Corps of general Gyulai. Retrerat to Gratz fortress. Bravery of colonel Gambin. Preparations to Wagram battle. Second echelon of the Grand Army in the battle at Wagram. Local fight at village Baumersdorf. The courageous maneuver at Znaim. Marmont as the marshal of Empire. The Viennese peace treaty. Marshal Marmont as the governor of Illiria provinces.
        Marshal Marmont as the Portuguese army commander instead of marshal Ģąssena. The common strategic situation in Spain. Marshal Marmont goes on attaching with Army of marshal Soult. Removal of siege of the fortresses Badajoz. Efficiency of the British counterstroke owing to inconsistency of actions Marmont and Soult. New orders of Napoleon. The victory at Almeida. The French offensive into Central Spain. The strategic cunning of British Commander-in-Chief Wellington. Giving in fortress Cuidad Rodrigo. A useless march to the Portuguese border. Intrusion of the marshal Marmont’s Army into Portugal. Wellington cuts off marshal Marmont from reinforcements. Enmity of the French commanders on Pyrenees. Conflict with Joseph Bonaparte. Concentration of forces at Salamanca. A large defeat at Salamanca. The large tactical miscalculation. Heavy wound. General Closel takes command. Consequences of Salamanca accident. Analysis of marshal Marmont actions in Spain.
        Campaign of 1813 in Germany. Napoleon’s plans for Saxon campaign. Participation in fight under Lutzen. The Dresden battle. «Battle of the Nations». Unsuccessful attempts of Bluecher army crashing. Retreat to Hanau. The further retreat from Russians and Prussians. Rearguard action at La Rotheire. Napoleon’s maneuver at La-Fere-Champenoise. Defeat of the Russian Corps of Olsufiev at Champobere. Maneuver at Vauchamps. Surrender of Soisson fortress without fight. Carelessness on the eve of the battle at Craonne. Crushing defeat. Default of the Napoleon’s instructions.
        The allies come directly on Paris. Chaotic retreat to the capital. Defense of Paris. Negotiation with the allies. Treachery. Condemnation of marshal Marmont by French generals. Favour of Louis XVIII. Exceptions of the marshal’s list during One Hundred Days. Return of Second Restoration’s reign. The military governor of Paris in 1830. The Revolution of July. Exile. Death. Analysis of military leader’s political career of marshal Marmont.

Maps of the Chapter “Marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont”

1. Map of Malta.
2. Conquest of the Lower Egypt (map 1).
3. Conquest of the Lower Egypt (map 2).
4. Conquest of the Lower Egypt from Alexandria to Nile (map 3).
5. The vicinities of Marengo.
6. Central Europe (April 15, 1809).
7. Beginning of Spanish campaign, 1812.
8. Continuation of Spanish campaign, 1812.
9. Salamanca city.
10. Battle at Salamanca (disposition of sides before the battle).
11. Battle at Salamanca ( phase one).
12. Battle at Salamanca, Wellington’s attack (phase two).
13. Battle at Salamanca, French counter-attack (phase three).
14. Battle at Salamanca (last phase).
15. Battle at Leiptzig.
16. Battle at Champaubert.
17. Battle at Vauchamps.
18. Battle at Laon.
19. Situation at Laon.

Illustrations of the Chapter “Marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont”

1. Portrait of Pope Pius VII.
2. The French artillery that was transfered through the Alpes.
3. Portrait of general Zach.
4. The Duke’s of Ragusa Arms.
5. Portrait of general Hill.
6. Portrait of Julian Sanchez.
7. Portrait of general Boyer.
8. Portrait of general Clinton.
9. Portrait of general Osten-Sacken.
10. The Prussian Army’s uniforms:
    • Dragoon officer, 1809;
    • Chasseur-volunteer;
    • Dragoon-lancer, 1810;
    • Guide.
11. Portrait of marshal Marmont.
12. Portrait of general Souham.
13. The original text of Napoleon’s demise.
14. Portrait of King Louis XVIII.
15. Portrait of general Maison.


The structure of military-historical monograph
«Military campaigns of Napoleon’s marshals»



Preface.
Introduction.
Chapter 1 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 – marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 – 1815).
Chapter 3 – marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 – marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 – marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 – 1841).
Chapter 6 – marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 – ģąšųąė Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 – marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 – marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 – marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 – marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 – marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 – marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 – marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 – marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 – marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 – marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 – marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 – marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 – marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 – marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 – marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 – marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 – marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 – marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).
Conclusions.
Literature.


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