Marshal Kellermann

Marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820)

 


Argument of the Chapter
“Marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann”


         Early years. Joining military service. First officers rank. Participation in Seven-years war. Service in volunteer regiment of Dauphine. Kellermann as a captain of Conflans legion. Military instructor of Polish army. Way to the post of Hussars regiment commander. Kellermann as the commander of 2-nd military camp. Rank of Royal Army general-major. King’s Credentials of Nobility.
        Revolution. Kellermann as the general-governor of Upper Rhein province. Rank of general-lieutenant. Kellermann as the chief of military camps Neukirch and Weissenbourg. Central army commander. Prelude to campaign of 1792. First anti-French coalition. The theatre of operations. Dislocation and plans of the sides for the campaign of 1792. French occupation of Porentrui. Covering Alsace from Prussian invasion. Crushing defeat of Luckner’s French army at Baisieux. Survey of creation of the French Republic armed forces. Cnangeover of commanders appointment. Army Commanders Dumurrier and Lafayette. Betrayal of Lafayette. Prussian invasion into France. Advance under command of Duke of Brunswick and Hohenlohe. Defence of Landau fortress. Kellermann shows excessive caution. Abuse of general Custine. The invaders seize Longwy. Leaving Verdun. French retreat to Sedan. Dumurrier defends Argone defile. Argone defense character and conditions. Capitulation of Verdun fortress. Subdivision of the French army into two parts. Equanimity of army commander Dumurrier. Evacuation of camp Grand-Pre. Concentration of French troops at Valmy. Slow Prussian advance. Grand victory at Valmy. Tactical novelties of French republican army. Army reforms of Carnot and Dubois-Cranse. «Amalgam». The developing of French advance in Belgium. Seizure of Frankfurt-am-Mein.
        Resignation of Kellermann from the post of Army commander and military court due to political intrigues. Kellermann as the Alpine army commander. Suppression of mutiny in Provence. The battle in Orange. General Carteaux. Seizure of Marseilles. Prelude and most important stages of Royalists rebellion in Lyons. The horrors of revolutionary terror. Beginning of Lyons fortress siege. Description of Lyons fortress and garrison. Rejection of surrender ultimatum. The forces and dislocation of Kellermann’s siege army. Bombarding and assault on the fortress. Kellermann’s transfer to Savoie. The siege under command of Dubois-Crance and Doppe. Capitulation of Lyons, punishment of the rebels.
        Alpine Campaign of 1793. Description of operations theatre. The forces and operational plans of the sides. Misfortunes of the Italian army. Kellermann’s army is separated from France. Political undercover games. Harmful re-appointments in French High Command. Self-confidence of ally’s command. Repulsing of Austro-Sardinian attacks. The battle at Castiglione. General Massena. New arrest by political reasons.
        Italian campaign of the year 1795. Kellermann as the Alpine and the Italian armies commander. Dislocations and plans of the sides. The Austrian advance. Bloody battle for the positions at Vado. Inertness of his leader’s mind. Lost operation possibilities. Seizure of positions at Finale. General Berthier. Successful retreat of the French. The battle at Ormea. Kellermann managed to overcome all the strategic obstacles. «Save my saber from the hands of slaves!». Brave defense of the position Small Gibraltar. Subdivision of Kellermann’s forces on the Alpine and the Italian armies by the Military Committee. Kellermann as the commander of the Alpine army. New operation plan of the Directory for campaign of 1796 in the shadow of Bonaparte’s victories.
        General-inspector cavalry of in 1797. Support of Brumair’s coup. The year 1801. Kellermann as the Chairman of the Senate. Marshal’s baton. Marshal Kellermann as the Duke de Valmy in 1807. Marshal Kellermann as the head of rearguard troops of the Rheinish army in 1806-1813. Forming an Army corps in Walcheren. Analysis of the British landings potential. Repulsing of the British landing in Holland. Participation in political intrigues. Transition to the side of Louis XVIII. Signing the death verdict to Ney. Death. Analysis of political and military leadership career of marshal Kellermann.

Maps of the Chapter “Marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann”


1. France in Revolution.
2. The vicinities of Longwy.
3. The vicinities of Verdun.
4. Map of Argone.
5. Battle at Valmy.
6. Europe, 1796.
7. Situation at Nothern Italy (Aprul 9, 1796).

Illustrations of the Chapter “Marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann”

1. Kellermann – the general of Republic.
2. French infantryman, 1789.
3. French infantrymen, 1793.
4. Portrait of general Lafayette.
5. Portrait of general Bernonville.
6. Portrait of general Valence.
7. Battle at Valmy.
8. Portrait of War Minister Carnot.
9. Portrait of Dobois-Crance.
10. Portrait of general Dumurrier.
11. Revolutionary soldiers.
12. Portrait of general Carteaux.
13. The siege of Lyons.
14. The executions in Lyons.
15. Portrait of Collot-d’Herbois.
16. The French Republican Army’s uniforms:
    • Heavy cavalry, 1795;
    • Grenadier of linear infantry, 1795.
17. The Arms of Duke Valmy.
18. The Dutch Army’s uniforms, 1806-1810:
    • Foot grenadier;
    • Sapper-tambour;
    • Foot gunner;
    • Hussar.
19. The monement to Kellerman at Strasbourg.
20. Marshal Kellermann’s grave.


The structure of military-historical monograph
«Military campaigns of Napoleon’s marshals»



Preface.
Introduction.
Chapter 1 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 – marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 – 1815).
Chapter 3 – marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 – marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 – marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 – 1841).
Chapter 6 – marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 – ìàğøàë Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 – marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 – marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 – marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 – marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 – marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 – marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 – marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 – marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 – marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 – marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 – marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 – marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 – marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 – marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 – marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 – marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 – marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 – marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).
Conclusions.
Literature.


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