Marshal Augerau

Marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1757 - 1816)

 


Argument of the Chapter
“Marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre”


         Early years. Preparation for churchman career. Service in Royal Guards in 1773. Slow promotion of career. Successful marriage. Participation in the storm of Bastille. Lefebvre as an Instructor of Parisian National Guard. Sympathy to dethronement Bourbons, rescue of the King’s aunts. Escort of the royal family after their flight to Varenne. Acquaintance with Berthier. The prompt military career.
        Campaign of 1792. The successful fight at Thionville. The captain's stripes. Protection of the national representative of Convent. Campaign of 1793. Service under the general Hoche. The victory at Kaiserslautern. Lefebvre as a brigadier general. Success at Wiesseburg. Divisional commander in Sambre-Meuse Army of general Jourdan in 1794. Friendship with future marshals Ney and Soult. Victories at Arlon and Dinant. The common analysis of Rhenish campaign of 1794. The battle at Flerus. Capitulation of the fortress Charleroi. The assault of Lambusart. Regrouping of the French basic forces. Little-known French victory at Waterloo. Lefebvre as a divisional commander in general Kleber Corps. A proof defense of Stockach together with Saint-Cyr and Soult.
        Campaign of 1796 on Rhine. The offensive of Kleber’s Corps to Wipper. Lefebvre’s division - on the edge of the main impact. The retreat of Austrians to Ukerath emplacement. The battle for the Altenkirchen heights. Counterstroke of Archduke Charles’ reserves at Wetzlar. Defeat of Lefebvre’s division at Wetzlar. Retreat of Sambre-and-Maas Army over Rhine. Successful rearguard action at Altenkirchen. The French counterstrike. The victory at Friedberg. Unsuccessful maneuvers at Forchheim. The battle at Wurzburg on September 2, 1796.
        General Hoche – new Sambre-and-Maas Army commander. French Operational plans for campaign of 1797. The victory at Neuwied. Breaking of the Austrian defensive lines. Development of was outlined success. Ferry of the French armies through river Mein. The common analysis of Rhenish campaign of 1797. Lefebvre as the temporary Sambro-Meuse army commander after sudden general Hoche’ death. Second-grade command posts. Not accepted by the Directory resignation. Long holiday.
        Campaign of 1799. Lefebvre as the commander of vanguard of the Jourdan’s Danube Army. A brief review of campaign. A wound at Îstrach. Return to France. Lefebvre almost became a Director. Lefebvre as the commander of the Parisian garrison. Brumair. Support of Bonapatre.
        Marshal’s baton. The rank of senator. Forming Guards troops and combat preparations. Lefebvre’s wife as a prototype of the Victorienne Sardu’s play «Madam Saint-Jean». Participation of Guards troops in the Austrian campaign of 1805. Castling in command in the beginning of campaign of 1806. Analysis of Guard’ actions during the campaign of 1806. Inactivity in Jena battle. Triumphal occupation of Berlin. Organizational changes in the Imperial Guard.
        Campaign of 1807. General review of campaign. Marshal Lefebvre as the temporary corps commander instead of general Victor. A beginning of the Danzig seige. The battle at Preysisch-Eylau. The description of the Dantzig fortress. Prussian garrison of the Dantzig fortress. «Gradual attack». Reflection of the Russian’s landing. Honourable capitulation of Danzig. Marshal Lefebvre as the Duke of Danzig.
        The Spanish campaign. Arrival on Pyrenees in September, 1808. Premature offensive against Spanish Army of general Blake. The battle at Reinosa. The French offensive at Madrid. Marshal Lefebvre keeps army right flank. The Spanish counter-strike at Valmaseda. The French victory at Pancorbo.
        The French plans of intrusion into Portugal. Resignation. The Austrian campaign of 1809. Marshal Lefebvre as the commander of the Bavarian Corps. The new operational plan of Napoleon. Victory at Zigenburg. The battle at Eckmuhl. Suppression of national revolt in Tyrol. The reasons and leaders of revolt. Support of Tyroleans by Austria. Andreas Hofer. The description of battle actions in Tyrol. Suppression of revolt in 1810.
        Russian campaign of 1812. Resignation. Campaign Battles at Champaubert and Montmirail. Transition to the side of Bourbons. Support of One Hundred Days. Death. Analysis of military leader’s career of marshal Lefebvre.

Maps of the Chapter “Marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre”

1. Belgium.
2. The vicinities of Waterloo.
3. The battle-field of Sambre-and-Maas Army.
4. War of France against the Second Coalition.
5. Campaign against Prussia.
6. The siege of Danzig.
7. War of France against the Fifth Coalition.

Illustrations of the Chapter “Marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre”

1. Returning of king Louis XVI.
2. Portrait of general Pichegru.
3. The Austrian infantryman’s uniform of general Beaulieu’s force.
4. Portrait of general Kleber.
5. Portrait of general Collaud.
6. Portrait of general d’Hautpoul.
7. Lefebvre’s saber.
8. The French Old Guard’s uniforms:
    • Tambour and tambour-major;
    • Voltigeur and carabinier (1809).
9. Portrait of general Soules.
10. The French Old Guard’s uniforms:
    • Tirailleur and voltiguer;
    • Fusilier.
11. Portrait of Grand Marshal Duroc.
12. The French Old Guard’s uniforms:
    • Sapper;
    • Sergeant of the foot chasseurs and foot chasseur.
13. Portrait of general Chasse.
14. Portrait of Field Marshal Kalckreuth.
15. Portrait of general Pactod.
16. The Duke’s of Danzig Arms.
17. Duke of Danzig.
18. The Austrian infantryman’s uniform of general Kolowrat’s force.
19. Portrait of Field Marshal Wrede.
20. Portrait of general Jellalic.
21. Portrait of Archduke John.
22. Portrait of Andreas Hofer.
23. Portrait of general Derois.
24. Portrait of general Drouet D’Erlon.
25. Execution of Hofer.
26. Portrait of madam Lefebvre.
27. Portrait of general Andreossy.
28. Marshal Lefebvre’s grave.


The structure of military-historical monograph
«Military campaigns of Napoleon’s marshals»



Preface.
Introduction.
Chapter 1 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 – marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 – 1815).
Chapter 3 – marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 – marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 – marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 – 1841).
Chapter 6 – marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 – ìàğøàë Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 – marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 – marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 – marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 – marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 – marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 – marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 – marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 – marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 – marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 – marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 – marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 – marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 – marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 – marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 – marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 – marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 – marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 – marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 – marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).
Conclusions.
Literature.


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