Marshal Ponyatovsky

Marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813)


Argument of the Chapter
Marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky

         Early years. Royal origin. Ponyatovsky as a Prince of Poland. Service in the Austrian army. Participation in Russian-Austrian-Turkish war of 1788. Difference at siege of Sabatch. Friendship with Prince Charles Ligne and general Scwartzenberg. Participation in the War for Independence of Poland in 1792-794. Fight under the command of Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Ponyatovsky as a major general of the Polish army. Fruitless attempts of army reorganisation. Ponyatovsky as the army commander of the Right-bank Ukraine.
        Prologue to the Russian-Polish war of 1792. Revolt of Tadeusz Kosciuszko. General review of campaign of 1792 on the Right-bank Ukraine. Victory at Zielence. aragovitz Confideration. Success at Markuszew. Defeat at Maciejowice from the Russian troops of Suvorow. Resignation. Return home in 1794. Continuation of the armed struggle. Political intrigues. Suppression of the Polish revolt. Favour of new Russian tsar Pavel I. Refusals of service in the Russian army. Final allotment of Poland in 1797. Friendship with the future king Louis XVIII. Napoleon organizes temporary Polish government in November, 1806. Ponyatovsky as the military minister of the Dukedom of Warsaw. Concessions to Poland uttered by Napoleon in ilzit. Friendship with marshal urat. Generalissimo of the Dukedom of Warsaw in 1808. Reforms of the Polish army. Campaign against Austria of 1809. Forces and plans of the sides. Victory at Raszyn. Successful maneuvers at the walls of Warsaw. Success at Gora Kalwaria.
        Defense of Thorn fortress. Capitulation of Austrian garrison of Zamostiye fortress. Defeat of the duke Ferdinand group. Liberation of Galicia. The letter which led to deterioration of relations between France and Russia. Triumphal occupation of Warsaw. Success at Krakow. Peace Treaty of Schenbrunn. Double game of Paris concerning restoration of the Polish state. Head of temporary Galician government. Plot of Polish generals.
        Participation in plans development for the Russian campaign. Rejection of Ponyatovskys plan. The future is connected with Napoleon. The Polish quota of the Grand Army. An incompetent command of Jerome Bonaparte of the Polish forces. The battle for Smolensk. Decisive offensive to Moscow. The description of the Borodino field. The battle for Shevardino redout. The task of detour of the Russian left flank. Opposition to the general Tuchkows Russian Corps.
        Occupation of Moscow. Duly help to marshal Murat during the battle at Vinkovo. Rearguard action. Return to Warsaw. Formation of new Polish army.
        Campaign of 1813. Successful fight at Lobau. The battle at Leipzig. Defeat of the Austrian column of Merveldt. Marshals baton. Treachery of the Saxons. A trap on Elster. Death of marshal Ponyatovsky during attempt of ferry. Analysis of political and military leaders career of marshal Ponyatovsky.

Maps of the Chapter Marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky"

1. The Duchy of Warsaw.
2. Battle at Raszyn.
3. Battle at Shevardino redoubt.
4. Battle at Borodino.
5. Germany (October 9-13, 1813).
6. Battle at Leiptzig situation at October 19, 1813.

Illustrations of the Chapter Marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky

1. Portrait of Polish King Stanislaw August.
2. The Arms of Ponyatovsky.
3. The Arms of Duchy of Warsaw.
4. Napoleon grants the constitution to the Duchy of Warsaw.
5. Portrait of Joseph Ponyatovsky.
6. Portrait of general Fiszer.
7. The Duchy of Warsaw Armys uniforms:
     Fusilier 1807-1810;
     Officer-fusilier 1807-1810;
     Voltiguer 1810-1813;
     Sapper 1810-1813;
     Uhlan 1807-1809;
     Guide from Ponyatovskys retinue;
8. Portrait of Frederic August I.
9. Portrait of general Dombrovsky.
10. Portrait of general Kniaziewicz.
11. Portrait of general Sulkovsky.
12. The Meckenburg contingents uniforms:
     Elite grenadier;
     Guard grenadier;
13. Portrait of general Baggovut.
14. Portrait of general Kleist.
15. Portrait of general Souham.
16. Portrait of marshal Ponyatovsky.
17. Blowing up the bridge in Leipzig.
18. Death of marshal Ponyatovsky.

The structure of military-historical monograph
Military campaigns of Napoleons marshals

Chapter 1 marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 1815).
Chapter 3 marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 1841).
Chapter 6 marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).

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