Marshal Saint Cyr

Marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr (1764-1830)


Argument of the Chapter
Marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr

         Early years. A creative nature. Service in National Guard. The first grade of corporal. Promotion. Service in the Rhine-and-Mosel Army of general Landermont. Operative conditions on the Rhine military theatre in the autumn of 1793. The battle at the Nothweiler camp. Saint-Cyr as a chief of brigade. Vanguard commander of general Amberas division. Saint-Cyr as a brigadier general and divisional general. Saint-Cyr as the commander of Rhine-and-Mosel Army division.
        Positions and plans of the sides in campaign of 1795 on Rhine. Inconsistency of Rhine-and-Mosel Army actions. Failure of French offensive. New French offensive. Victory at Edickofen. Prussian counterstrike. Defeat of general Menniers French division. Participation in the siege of Mayence fortress. Talent of military theorist. Campaign of 1796. Positions and plans of sides. Moreaus maneuvers on Rhine. Plan of the French offensive. Occupation of Freudenstadt. Defeat of the left flank of Archduke Charles Army. The battle for Rosentohl plateau. Occupation of Stuttgart. Storm of Eslingen. Operative plans of commanders. The battle at Neresheim. The vanguard fight. Moreau goes to help Jourdan. Attack at village Lehgausen. Ferry on the river Lech. Victory at Friedberg. Attack on Freising. Unstable disposition of Rhine-and-Mosel Army. Retreat to Rhine. The battle for Groth heights. Occupation of Freiburg. Successful defense of Kehl. Description of the Kehl fortress.
        Campaign of 1797. Peace Treaty of Leoben. Saint-Cyr as the temporary Rhine-and-Mosel Army commander. Financial abusing. The Rhine campaign of 1799. Defeat at strach. Failure at Liptingen. Retreat over Rhine. Saint-Cyr as the Corps commander of Jouberts Italian Army. The battle at Novi. Town mayor of Genoa. The assistant to the Rhenish Army commander Moreau.
        Ulm operation of 1800. The description of theatre of operations. Forces and plans of sides. Success of the first offensive. Conflict with reau on the matter of operative questions. The battle at Stockach. Victory at Engen. French attempts to develop success. The first battle at Moeskirch. Victory at Biberach. General Ney. Tactical novelties of Saint-Cyr. Capture of ferries through Danube. Occupation of Neubourg and Oberhausen. The rash actions of army commander oreau. Division of Saint-Suzanne remains alone against numerical superiority enemy. The duly help of Saint-Cyr. Offensive to Munich. Sabotage of Moreaus orders. Deliberate evasion from battle at Moeskirch. Capture of Munich. Breakup with reau. Protection of Napoleon. The military adviser in Spain during the Portuguese war of 1801. Forces and plans of sides. Chronology and results of the opposition. Friendship with Lucient Bonapart. Saint-Cyr as the Neapolitan army commander. The colonel-general of cuirassiers.
        The Italian campaign of 1805. ccupation of Naples. Victory at Castel-Franco. Campaign of 1806. Siege of Gaete fortress. Polish campaign of 1807. City mayor of Warsaw. The battle at Heilsberg. Saint-Cyr as the commandant of Boulogne camp. Campaign on Pyrenees. Capture of Rosas fortress. Capture of Barcelona. Defeat by Saint-Cyrs vanguard of Reding army in the battle at Goy bridge. Tactical cunning of the general Souham. Blockade of the Tarragona fortress. Evacuation of Catalonia. A unfair resignation. The member of the State Council. Saint-Cyr as the Bavarian Corps commander.
        Preparation for Russian campaign of 1812. Offensive of the Grand Army deep into Russia. Operation against Polotsk. The first battle for Polotsk. The description of Polotsk fortress. The plan of Wiettgenstein. The military adviser of marshal Oudinot. Successful artillery preparation in the battle of August 15. Saint-Cyr accepts command instead of marshal Oudinot. The new operational plan of Saint-Cyr. Preparation of Polotsk for defense. Resolute battle of August 18. Saint-Cyr hardly escaped death. Cavalry battle at Polotsk. The offensive of Wiettgenstein stops. Amusing ending of fight. The marshal of the Empire. Russian strategic pincers. The second battle for Polotsk. Fortification actions. The battle of October 17. A case with Russian commander Wiettgenstein. Two wounds during one day. Break of Russian encirclement ring. Retreat march. The arbitrariness of the Bavarian general Vrede.
        Campaign of 1813. Return to Paris. The Napoleons plan for Saxon campaign. A defense of Dresden. Napoleon arrives at help. Inconsistency of allied commanders actions. Death of general reau. The erroneous decision of Napoleon to leave strong garrison in Dresden. Conditions of honourable capitulation.
        Return from captivity in June, 1814. Transition to the side of Bourbons. Marshal Saint-Cyr as a military minister. Reorganization of army. developing military theory. Death. Analysis of military leaders career of marshal Saint-Cyr.

Maps of the Chapter Marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr"

1. Battle at Ettlingen.
2. Battle at Neresheim.
3. The vicinities of Huningue.
4. Kehl fortess.
5. Campaign of 1800 at Rhein.
6. Battle at Erbach.
7. Battle at Moeskirch.
8. The siege of Ancone.
9. The siege of Rosas.
10. Battle at Valls.
11. Battle at Polotsk.
12. Germany, August 26, 1813.
13. Battles at Dresden and Kulm.
14. Battle at Dresden.

Illustrations of the Chapter Marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr

1. Portrait of general Dessaix.
2. Portrait of Duke of Saxen-Teschen.
3. Portrait of general Abatucci.
4. Portrait of general Beaupuy.
5. Porttrait of Archduke Charles.
6. Portrait of general Kray.
7. Portrait of general Richenpanse.
8. Portrait of Archduke Ferdinand.
9. Portrait of general Curely.
10. Portrait of general Leclerc.
11. Portrait of general Lecourbe.
12. Portrait of general Thurreau.
13. Portrait of general Verdier.
14. The Italian Armys uniforms:
     Foot grenadier;
     Chasseur of velites;
     Grenadier of velites;
15. Spanish award for Rosas.
16. Portrait of general Sanson.
17. The Westphalian contingents uniforms:
18. The siege of Gerona.
19. Spanish Cross for Gerona.
20. Portrait of general Legrand.
21. The Bavarian Corpss uniforms:
22. Portrait of marshal Saint-Cyr.
23. Portrait of general Dibitsch.
24. Portrait of general Curely.
25. Moreau dressed in republican generals uniform.
26. Fatal wound of Moreau.
27. The Arms of Saint-Cyr.
28. Marshal Saint-Cyrs grave.

The structure of military-historical monograph
Military campaigns of Napoleons marshals

Chapter 1 marshal Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Prince of Ponte Corvo (1763-1844).
Chapter 2 marshal Louis Alexander Berthier, Prince of Neuchatel, Prince of Walange, Prince of Wagram (1753 1815).
Chapter 3 marshal Jean Baptiste Bessieres, Duke of Istria (1768-1813).
Chapter 4 marshal Guillaume-Marie-Anne Brune (1763-1815).
Chapter 5 marshal Victor Claude Victor-Perrin, Duke of Belluno (1764 1841).
Chapter 6 marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr, marquess (1764-1830).
Chapter 7 Emmanuel Robert de Grouchy, marquess (1766-1847).
Chapter 8 marshal Louis Nicolas Davout, Duke of Auerstaedt, Prince of Eckmuhl (1770-1823).
Chapter 9 marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan, count (1762-1833).
Chapter 10 marshal Francois Etienne Christophe Kellermann, Duke de Valmy (1735-1820).
Chapter 11 marshal Jean Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1769-1809).
Chapter 12 marshal Francois Joseph Lefebvre, Duke of Danzig (1755-1820).
Chapter 13 marshal Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexander Macdonald, Duke of Tarente (1765-1840).
Chapter 14 marshal Auguste Frederic Louis de Viesse Marmont, Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852).
Chapter 15 marshal Andre Massena, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling (1758-1817).
Chapter 16 marshal Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey, Duke of Conegliano (1754-1842).
Chapter 17 marshal Adolphe Edouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, Duke of Treviso (1768-1835).
Chapter 18 marshal Joachim Murat, King of Naples (1767-1815).
Chapter 19 marshal Michel Ney, Duke of Elchingen, Prince of Moskwa (1769-1815).
Chapter 20 marshal Pierre Francois Charles Augerau, Duke of Castiglione (1757-1816)
Chapter 21 marshal Dominique-Catherine Perignon, marquis de Grenade (1754-1818).
Chapter 22 marshal Joseph Antoine Ponyatovsky, prince of Poland (1763-1813).
Chapter 23 marshal Jean-Mathieu Philiber Serurier (1742-1819).
Chapter 24 marshal Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duke af Dalmatia (1769-1851).
Chapter 25 marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, Duke of Albufera (1770-1826).
Chapter 26 marshal Nicolas-Charles Oudinot, Duke of Reggio (1767-1847).

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